Poultry Farming for Livelihood

A farmer named Suresh Singh S/O Shri Sabhapati Singh R/o village – Raja pakad, P.O. Barwa Raja pakad District –Kushinagar aged 42 years, relates to this story. His basic source of income was traditional agriculture upto 2008. He procured a piece of land of two Beegha for farming to fulfill his needs. Being a very small holding farmer it is very difficult to achieve the needs of his family. That’s why he did not able to complete his graduation to accomplish his child hood dream to be a graduate. Like other farmers as usual, he also carried his life measurably with two times meal and lost the hope to increase his family’s economic status. He always thinks about his family’s higher status to do some betterment. He blessed four children and always worried about their education and well being. From here and there, he managed their schooling education. Some day he came to know that there is Krishi Vigyan Kendra, a central Govt. organization with a distance of approximately 7-8 km from his village. Also he heard that some qualified specialists appointed to upkeep the economic conditions of poor farmers like me. He made up his mind to ask about different schemes and programs which suits to him. Finally he decided to meet the specialists of KVK.

In the first month of 2009 he met specialists of various discipline and finally came to me and discussed his need based commodities requirements that how can I increased my socio-economical condition. As case study I suggest him to start poultry farming which suit this particular area. I discussed with him each and every merits and demerits of broiler farming techniques. After through discussion he selected BROILER farming and decided to start in this direction. First he gained training repeatedly for broiler farming at KVK. He inspired a lot and starts broiler farming at a very small scale. In a first spell he started with 250 numbers of chicks and gain some profit. This boots his confidence then he decided to take a loan to construct poultry shed and in the next season, he procured double number of chicks (500), but due to some natural calamities he did not get expected profit. In the mean time, he decided to increase his poultry farm unit and in next season he increased the number of chicks. At this time he came to me and asked some betterment to recover his loss which he faced last season. I recommended him to divide his poultry shed into two separate units and teach him epidemic and diseases of broilers. He showed a lot of courage and increased the number of broilers up to 1200 number into two equal units. By entering into third year, gradually he was expert in broiler farming and starts six crops (one crop takes 45-50 days and weight of 2.0 to 2.25 kg/unit) in a financial year. His graph of profit vertically increased. In terms of monetary benefit he obtained an average Rs. 45000.00 per crop. Likewise, his net profit in a financial year reached up to Rs. 2,73,778.00 in year of 2012-2013.

Now his socio-economic condition is comparatively better and his children are getting better higher education i.e., graduation in arts and B. Tech from Kanpur, UP. Side by side his agriculture income was also increased due to low input (in terms of Chemical fertilizers) as he replaced these chemical fertilizers with poultry manure. Now he can discussed and teach his other community fellows, not only about poultry farming but also about organic farming. Like this with help of expertise given by KVK, Sargatia, Kushinagar and many other farmers of this area are gaining profits and increased his socio-economic condition.

Year No. of Crop No. of Chicks Total Cost (INR) Avg. Weight (Kg) / Unit Avg. Rate / Kg (INR) Income (INR) Profit / Loss % Profit / Loss
2009 - 10 1 250 (242) 20812 2 60 29040 8228 39.5
  2 400 (388) 34920 2 60 46560 11640 33.3
Total Profit During The Year (INR) : 19868              
2010-11 1 500 (477) 49608 2 65 62010 12402 25.0
  2 500 (460) 53360 2 55 50600 (-)2760 (-)5.2
  3 500 (435) 52200 2 55 47850 (-)4350 (-)8.3
  4 600 (576) 61056 2 65 74880 13824 22.6
Average     54056 2 60 58835 13113 8.525
Total Profit During The Year (INR) : 19116              
2011 - 12 1 700 (679) 81480 2 70 95060 13580 16.7
  2 700 (665) 86450 2 75 99750 13300 15.4
  3 900 (868) 104160 2 75 130200 26040 25.0
  4 900 (864) 103680 2 75 129600 25920 25.0
  5 1000 (947) 123110 2 80 151520 28410 23.1
Average     99776 2 75 121226 21450 21.04
Total Profit During The Year (INR) : 107250              
2012-13 1 1000 (959) 115080 2 75 143850 28770 25.0
  2 1200 (1148) 144648 2 80 183640 39032 27.0
  3 1200 (1158) 155172 2 85 196860 41688 26.9
  4 1200 (1136) 159040 2 90 196860 45440 28.6
  5 1200 (1142) 166732 2 105 239820 73088 43.8
  6 1200 (1144) 183040 2 100 228800 45760 25.0
Average     153952 2 89.16667 199575 45629.67 29.38333
Total Profit During The Year (INR) : 273778